Table of Contents


This is the beginning


Case Study

1. Histories

2. Present Situation

3. The results of current actions will have an effect on what happens in the future.

In conclusion



Original: Analyze

Paraphrased: Examine


This Research Report focuses on the main problem facing Australians, mainly farmers and communities. Many farmers have suffered from prolonged and severe drought. Australia has had a varied climate for centuries. Experts and professionals predicted higher temperatures and more rainfall in Australia in the future. This report uses the secondary method. It contains data that shows you the impact of drought on the present, future, and past. The Bureau of Meteorology released June 2018 data showing that Australia’s rainfall is the third-lowest since 1900. New South Wales had its worst May rain in over 20 years. The conservation of natural and water resources is key to overcoming drought. The Australian government needs to start thinking about alternative plans for recovering from drought.

IntroductionDrought, a natural disaster, can have devastating socio-economic and environmental effects on farmers and their communities. Drought in the tropics is more likely to occur annually. A rise in temperature causes drought to become more severe. More water evaporates from the environment, which can lead to economic and ecological damage. Meteorologists measure the severity and duration of droughts by monitoring rainfall deficiencies. A rainfall shortage is an area with less than average rainfall. Method. I used secondary sources to create this research report. These included news articles, reports from government agencies, and articles in magazines. This research report focuses on “Climate Change and Drought” and “Government Drought Support”. A research study was conducted to analyze a certain problem. Histories Background Australia has been through several severe droughts in the 20th and 21st centuries. Before the drought began, many years had passed without any rainfall in Australia. The Federation drought which saw the wheat crop nearly destroyed, and Bourke’s Darling River dry for more than one year (April 1902 to May 1903), the second world war drought (1939-1945) as well as the severe drought in south-eastern Australia between 1996 and 2010. In the last 30 years, South-eastern Australia’s cool season rainfall has seen a rapid decline in comparison to natural variability. South-eastern Australia saw a 15% to 25% decrease in average rainfall from 1970 to 2010. Also, in the past 15 years, Western Australia’s average cool-season rainfall has declined by 15%. This resulted to a 60 percent decline in the flow from Western Australia’s Murray-Darling Basin. 2. Current State: According to all data since 1900, Southern Australia had the second-lowest rainfall. New South Wales’ drought status was at 16.5% as of June 7, 2018. 46.6% was drought onset. 36.3% was drought under watch. You can find the most recent drought update for New South Wales at

The Bureau of Meteorology released June 2018 data showing that Australia’s rainfall is the third-lowest since 1900. New South Wales had some of the most severe May rains in 20 years. 3. Future Consequences: The future consequences of drought can be difficult to predict because they are so different in Australia. They also depend on the records that have been made. The continuing decline in rainfall is projected for southern Australia in the same way as spring and winter. All river flows will decline in many parts, which can lead to water shortages in major cities. This could also impact agriculture and the ecosystem. As the major cause of rising temperatures and declining rainfall, industrialization, the urbanization of greenhouse gases and global warming may be to blame. South Australia is likely to see 50% more rainfall reductions by 2030. The rise in drought has made Australia a concern. Climate change increases every year due to increased industrialization, nuclear power plants and urbanization. It is important to plan afforestation campaigns in many places in order to reverse the rising temperature. As climate change continues to increase, deforestation, greenhouse gases and industrialization are all a concern. Farmers and communities in the affected areas are suffering from severe droughts. Natural disasters are a result of a lack in harmony with nature. Let me end by concluding that conservation of water and natural resources is a priority for everyone. People need to be more concerned about the greenhouse effect, as well as the use of toxic and chemical substances. It is important to increase the number of afforestation campaigns. RecommendationsDrought is a natural disaster from which people can be secure with the help of proper planning and the management. This is the recommendation:

The Australian Government should improve water conservation plans and raise awareness about water misuses.

The Australian government should offer more assistance to farmers, including transportation and water supply.

Both the government and the Australian people should be more concerned about the conservation of nature. This means reducing the use of plastics, fewer industrial products, and planting more trees.

A new way to conserve water and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Electric energy should be used to replace fossil fuels.


BoM (Bureau of Meteorology). Updated 4 June 2018. Viewed 30 January 2019,

CSIRO (2015) Projections for Australia’s NRM areas. Viewed 30 January 2019, Technical Report,

Freund M, Henley BJ, Karoly DJ, Allen KJ, and Baker, P J (2017) Multi-century cool- and warm-season rainfall reconstructions for Australia’s major climatic regions, Climate of the Past, 13, 1751-1770, viewed 30 January 2019,


  • paulwallace

    Paul Wallace is a 44-year-old anthropology professor and blogger. He has been writing about anthropology and other topics for over a decade. He has also taught anthropology at the college level for over a decade.

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